Soviet policy toward strategic arms reductions, 1982-1987

  • 88 Pages
  • 2.16 MB
  • English
Naval Postgraduate School, Available from National Technical Information Service , Monterey, Calif, Springfield, Va
About the Edition

This report surveys Soviet strategic arms reduction proposals for the period 1982 to 1987. It then analyzes Soviet attitudes and policies toward key elements of the U.S. approach to the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks, including U.S. proposals for "deep cuts", throw weight limitations, reductions in "heavy" ICBMs, and warheads as a unit of limitation. It concludes with an assessment of Soviet interest in substantial strategic arms reductions, and the prospects for compliance with a prospective START agreement. (fr)

Other titlesNPS-56-88-012.
Statementby Kerry M. Kartchner
ContributionsNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.). Dept. of National Security Affairs
The Physical Object
Pagination88 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25508521M

Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START), arms control negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union (and, later, Russia) that were aimed at reducing those two countries’ arsenals of nuclear warheads and of the missiles and bombers capable of delivering such weapons.

The talks, which began inspanned a period of three eventful decades that saw the collapse of the Soviet. This report surveys Soviet strategic arms reduction proposals for the period to It then analyzes Soviet attitudes and policies toward key elements of the U.S.

approach to the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks, including U.S. proposals for 'deep cuts', throw weight limitations, reductions in 'heavy' ICBMs, and warheads as a unit of : Kerry M. Kartchner. "By shedding new light on the Soviet system and how it made foreign policy, Matthew Evangelista's book, Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War, published by Cornell Unversity Press, illuminates the cold war and how it came to an lista focuses on 'transnational actors,' particularly prominent scientists and physicians in the Pugwash movement and the Cited by: The Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I), first proposed in the early s by President Ronald Reagan and finally signed in Julyrequired the United States and the Soviet Union to reduce their deployed strategic arsenals to 1, delivery vehicles, carrying no more than 6, warheads as counted using the agreement’s rules.

Abstract. Anyone who is reckless enough to accept as impossible an assignment as to write on the goals and uncertainties of American policy towards the Soviet Union in the s should at least — to use one of Secretary Haig’s contributions to political discourse — caveat his answers in so many ways that the caveats risk filling the whole of the : Pierre Hassner.

to make strategic arms reductions talks (START) concessions of interest to the United States in return for a negotiated ban or limitations on BMD development. They might judge that the administration is under growing political pres-sure to reach a START agreement and would accept a Soviet offer of this type.

But Moscow. The Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty I (START I) was the first treaty that required U.S. and Soviet/Russian reductions of strategic nuclear weapons. It was indispensable in creating a framework that ensured predictability and stability for deep reductions.

The dissolution of the Soviet Union caused a delay in the entry into force of the treaty, as the classification of states as nuclear or non-nuclear.

Arms Control and Disarmament Agreements: START, Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Reduction and Limitations of Strategic Offensive Arms - Washington: US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

vii, p.: ill.; 28 cm. Subject(s): 1. STRATEGIC ARMS REDUCTION TALKS 2. Negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union resulted in summit meetings and the signing of strategic arms limitation agreements. Brezhnev proclaimed in that peaceful coexistence was the normal, permanent, and irreversible state of relations between imperialist and Communist countries, although he warned that conflict might.

On May 8,the United States presented a draft START treaty in Geneva that proposed the reduction of U.S. and Soviet strategic nuclear arms by 50 percent. July Soviet Draft Treaty In response to the U.S. draft treaty presented on May 8, in Julythe Soviet Union presented a detailed draft treaty to reduce strategic nuclear arms.

Gorbachev and New Thinking in Soviet Foreign Policy, In the late s, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev implemented a series of changes in his country's social, economic and foreign policies designed to bolster the domestic standard of living and usher in a.

His book, The New Russian Foreign Policy, explores Russia's relations with the rest of the world after the fall of the Soviet Union.

The Dawn of Peace in Europe outlines Europe in the post-cold-war era. Strobe Talbott was the architect of the Clinton administration's policy toward Russia and the other states of the former Soviet Union.

In Reagan and Gorbachev, Jack F. Matlock, Jr., gives an eyewitness account of how the Cold War ended, with humankind declared the Reagan’s principal adviser on Soviet and European affairs, and later as the U.S.

Download Soviet policy toward strategic arms reductions, 1982-1987 FB2

ambassador to the U.S.S.R., Matlock lived history: He was the point person for Reagan’s evolving policy of conciliation toward the Soviet Union.5/5(1). DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY This book recounts the history of one of America’s most important national security programs and celebrates the work of the many public servants who have made it a success.

The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program, which became. Negotiations turned towards the reduction of strategic weapons when the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty was signed in December Despite this, a dramatic nuclear arms race proceeded during the s, and essentially ended in by nuclear parity preservation at a level of more than ten thousand strategic warheads on both on: Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union.

The Soviet Union has recently been endeavoring to improve relations with the United States, China and Western Europe, advance arms control and disarmament initiatives and alluded to reductions in military spending.

All of these Soviet moves can be interpreted as based on the Soviet policy mentioned above. START III (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a proposed bi-lateral nuclear disarmament treaty between the United States and the Russian meant to drastically reduce the deployed nuclear weapons arsenals of both countries and to continue the weapons reduction efforts that had taken place in the START I and START II negotiations.

The framework for negotiations of the treaty. Stephen M. Meyer of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who is an authority on Soviet military policy and a consultant to the Pentagon. Reagan shifted his policy toward the Soviet Union rather sharply during his second term, for two reasons.

from his book Caveat, that President Reagan changed the name of the arms control negotiations from SALT to START (strategic arms reduction talks) because “it implied that the numbers of weapons would be system- atically reduced.

One topic request was regarding the review of US policy towards the Soviet Union initiated by Secretary of State George Shultz, and National Security Advisor Robert “Bud” McFarlane in late and early Many of the “reviews” were held in Saturday meetings, thus the group came to be called the “Saturday Review Group.”.

Ap Peace is Not Enough. By MARSHALL D. SHULMAN. Victory Without War. By Richard Nixon. n his seventh book, former President Richard Nixon makes two particularly significant contributions.

He attempts to draw the moderate conservative sector of the American political spectrum toward cautious support for negotiations with the Soviet Union on arms control and a low-keyed. Vance Ready for ‘Detailed’ Talks In Soviet on Strategic Arms Cuts.

Vance promised to invest whatever time was needed on his mission to make progress toward a new arms pact. president fords policy toward the soviet union focused on continued to pursue dentente.

Details Soviet policy toward strategic arms reductions, 1982-1987 EPUB

endorsed Helenski Records to put the nations of europe in favor of human rights president carters response to the soviet unions invasion of afghanistan in was to impose. Following a familiar summit format, task forces on arms reduction issues and on other issues of the broad U.S.-Soviet agenda were established, and these groups of senior officials met yesterday.

In explaining Ronald Reagan's moves toward nuclear-arms-reduction pacts with the Soviet Union, James Mann writes, "Increasingly, Reagan rebelled against the. Initially, it did, delivering the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, sanctions against Iran and expanded access to Russian supply routes supporting U.S.

forces in Afghanistan. The documents signal a major missed opportunity at Malta to meet Soviet arms reductions proposals halfway, and suggest that the Bush "pause" in U.S.-Soviet relations during effectively delayed both strategic and tactical demilitarization for at least two years (the START treaty would not be signed untiland only in September The concept of strategic stability was formally agreed on for the first time by then Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and then U.S.

president George H.W.

Description Soviet policy toward strategic arms reductions, 1982-1987 FB2

Bush during the final negotiations on the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I) in June 1 Strategic stability was defined in terms of removing incentives for either side to launch a. The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union, the Cold War superpowers, on the issue of arms two rounds of talks and agreements were SALT I and SALT II.

Negotiations commenced in Helsinki, Finland, in November First, it elaborates a framework for scaling Soviet interests in strategic arms reductions, distinguishing among: (1) Soviet interests in proposing arms control initiatives; (2) Soviet interests in negotiating arms control initiatives; (3) Soviet interest in concluding agreements on arms control initiatives; and (4) Soviet interests in complying with arms control initiatives.

Sakharov had informed Soviet officials of the need to separate SDI from arms-reduction talks as early asand he gave a speech asserting that position to a huge East-West peace forum in.

Washington DC, December 8, - Previously secret Soviet documentation shows that Mikhail Gorbachev was prepared for rapid arms control progress leading towards nuclear abolition at the time of his last official meeting with President Reagan, at Governor's Island, New York in December ; but President-elect George H.

W. Bush, who also.“Soviet Policy Toward Europe,” in Roman Kolkowicz et al., The Soviet Union and Arms Control: A Superpower Dilemma (Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, ), pp.

“Toward a Theory of Preventative Arms Control,” in Challenges from the Future, Proceedings of the International Future Research Conference.